Looseness of teeth is
caused by a disease of the periodontium and includes the tissues surrounding
the teeth, which are the gingiva, the bone supporting the teeth and the fibrous
attachment between the bone and teeth.
the most common reason for a loose tooth in adults is periodontal disease (gum
disease); trauma, bite injury or tumor can also cause teeth mobility.
amount of tooth mobility is always present and it is natural, as the teeth are
not fixed tight in their sockets. They are attached to the bone via a slightly
elastic ligament and so they can be moved a little. This movement can be felt
when the teeth are clenched. However, visible movement of the tooth is
sufficient to diagnose tooth mobility.
tissues around a loose tooth become red, swollen and damaged. The person
experiences pain and discomfort while chewing food.
The treatment depends on the cause and might involve
procedures like extensive gum cleaning, splinting, bite adjustment with
orthodontic treatment, using night guards or treating abscesses.