The liver is the largest organ, present inside the body just below the right lung and the diaphragm. The liver lies close to the colon, the intestines and the right kidney. It roughly weighs about 1.5 kg and is deep red in color due to a rich blood supply. The liver performs several important functions:
It plays a major role in the metabolic process and subsequently in the absorption of nutrients.
It secretes a substance called bile, necessary for breakdown of bigger fat molecules into smaller forms. The bile reaches the small intestine through the bile duct, during the digestive process.
It also stores various nutrients such as fat, carbohydrate, proteins and vitamins (Vitamin A and Vitamin B12).
It produces substances required for clotting of blood. If not for the presence of these substances, we would bleed to death following a minor injury.
It also plays an important role in the detoxification process and clears the body of harmful substances.