Infective Endocarditis has been arbitrarily categorized as acute or subacute based on the length of symptoms before presentation. A classification based on the causative organism and the valve involved is more relevant clinically.
Acute bacterial endocarditis is usually of a sudden onset with a high fever, fast heart rate, fatigue, and rapid and extensive heart valve damage. Fatigue, mild fever, a moderately fast heart rate, weight loss, sweating, and a low red blood cell count are symptoms of subacute bacterial endocarditis.
Echocardiography is used to diagnose damaged heart valves.
Intravenous administration of high doses of antibiotics is required. Damaged heart valves are repaired surgically. Patients will also have to take prophylactic antibiotics before they undergo dental or surgical procedures so as to prevent endocarditis.
Men are affected more commonly than women are. It has however been noticed that in patients younger than 35 years, more cases occur in women. IE becomes more common among older people.
Latest Publications and Research on Infective EndocarditisPositron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography for Diagnosis of Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis: Increased Valvular 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake as a Novel Major Criterion. - Published by PubMed
[Small colony variants of Enterococcus faecalis isolated from a patient with native aortic endocarditis.] - Published by PubMed
Reverse-vaccinology strategy for designing T-cell epitope candidates for Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis vaccine. - Published by PubMed
Late onset invasive pneumococcal disease in a liver transplanted patient: beyond the Austrian syndrome. - Published by PubMed
In vivo acquired daptomycin resistance during treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis. - Published by PubMed