Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the
thyroid gland makes excessive amount of thyroid hormone.
The thyroid gland is
located in the lower part of the neck, below the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland
produces the hormones thyroxine (T4)
and triiodothyronine (T3)
, which regulate many aspects of our metabolism. It also affects the
heart, muscles, bones and cholesterol.
Many diseases and conditions can cause
hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease
the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
Having too much thyroid hormone speeds up most
of the things in the body. A person with hyperthyroidism may lose weight
quickly, have a rapid heartbeat
, sweat a lot
, or feel nervous
. Some patients have no symptoms at all and hyperthyroidism is
Hyperthyroidism can be easily treated with the help of
anti-thyroid medications, radioactive
iodine or surgery
. Without treatment, hyperthyroidism can lead to serious
complications of the heart and bone.