Yellow fever can be prevented with the help of vaccination and effective mosquito control.Vaccination-
Vaccination is the most important measure for preventing yellow fever. The yellow fever vaccine is safe and affordable. It provides effective immunity against yellow fever within a week for 95% of those vaccinated.
It can be offered through routine infant immunization, mass campaigns in countries at risk or to people who travel to yellow fever endemic areas.
A single dose of the yellow fever vaccine provides protection for 30-35 years or probably for life. Serious side effects of the vaccine are extremely rare. Mosquito control-
Mosquito control is vital to prevent the transmission of yellow fever.
Transmission in urban areas can be controlled by-
Eliminating potential mosquito breeding sites
Use of spray insecticides to kill adult mosquitoes
Sleeping in a screened house
Using mosquito repellent creams, lotions etc.
Wearing clothing that fully cover the body