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How Can We Diagnose Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis can be diagnosed with the help of X-ray and/or body bone densitometry scanning.

Osteoporosis can be diagnosed with the help of the following tests-
X-ray of bones: X-rays of bones show thinning of the cortex section of the bone.

Whole body bone densitometry scanning: A whole body bone densitometry scan can detect bone density loss. The scan works like a miniature x-ray (with minimal radiation exposure). The bone density of the hip, spine, forearm or the 'whole body' can be checked to diagnose osteoporosis before a debilitating, life-threatening fracture occurs.

Blood tests: Blood levels of calcium and phosphate are usually normal. The thyroid and parathyroid levels maybe elevated in some cases.

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