Isolation of the patient
for about 6 days after the onset of rashes and disinfecting the articles soiled by nose and throat discharge of the patient are the usual control measures. Treatment mostly consists of easing the symptoms
In serious cases of chickenpox and in people with a weak immune system, aciclovir
which works specifically against chickenpox can be used. The drug should help reduce the severity of chickenpox symptoms, especially in older children and teenagers if taken within 24 hours of the rash's first appearance. An alternative antiviral agent is vidarabine.
The infected person will be contagious until all the blisters have scabs and when new blisters have stopped appearing. It is advised that the patient should stay at home while they are infectious. Avoid scratching
the blisters because of the risk of infection.
Cut the nails short or make the patient wear gloves.
Pay attention to personal hygiene
. Calamine lotion
will help relieve itching.
Keep the patient in cold surroundings as heat and sweat may make the itching worse.
In attacks of chickenpox where the itching is so serious that the child's sleep is totally disturbed, antihistamine medications
with a heavily sedative effect can be used.