Treatment of Anxiety Disorder
Medications that may be used include -
► Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the choice of drugs for treating anxiety disorders.
► Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) can also be used.
► Antidepressants and some anti-seizure drugs can be used in severe cases.
► Benzodiazepines such as alprazolam, clonazepam and lorazepam may be used for short-term if antidepressants do not help enough with symptoms. Long-term use can lead to dependence.
► A medicine called buspirone may also be used.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy -
It helps the patient understand his behavior and how to gain control over it. During the therapy a trained mental health professional helps the patient with -
► Understanding and gaining control of his distorted views of life stressors, such as other people's behavior or life events.
► Recognizing and replacing panic-causing thoughts.
► Decreasing the sense of helplessness.
► Managing stress and relaxing when symptoms occur.
► Avoid thinking that minor worries will develop into severe problems.
Progressive relaxation therapy -
► Tensing and relaxing individual muscle groups
► Deep breathing exercises
Dietary and lifestyle changes -
► Avoid caffeine and illicit drugs.
► Exercise, rest and good nutrition can help reduce the impact of anxiety.