A combination of medicine and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) works best for patients with anxiety disorder. Medications
that may be used include -
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the choice of drugs for treating anxiety disorders.
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) can also be used.
Antidepressants and some anti-seizure drugs can be used in severe cases.
Benzodiazepines such as alprazolam, clonazepam and lorazepam may be used for short-term if antidepressants do not help enough with symptoms. Long-term use can lead to dependence.
A medicine called buspirone may also be used. Cognitive-behavioral therapy -
It helps the patient understand his behavior and how to gain control over it. During the therapy a trained mental health professional helps the patient with -
Understanding and gaining control of his distorted views of life stressors, such as other people's behavior or life events.
Recognizing and replacing panic-causing thoughts.
Decreasing the sense of helplessness.
Managing stress and relaxing when symptoms occur.
Avoid thinking that minor worries will develop into severe problems. Progressive relaxation therapy -
Tensing and relaxing individual muscle groups
Deep breathing exercises Dietary and lifestyle changes -
Avoid caffeine and illicit drugs.
Exercise, rest and good nutrition can help reduce the impact of anxiety.