Hypertension / High Blood Pressure

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High Blood Pressure or hypertension is defined as a consistently elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 mmHg (systolic) and/or 90 mmHg (diastolic).

Blood is carried to all parts of the body by the arteries. Blood pressure is defined as the force of the blood against the artery walls as the heart pumps the blood around the body. Each time the heart beats it pumps out blood into the arteries. Systolic pressure refers to blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood and diastolic pressure refers to blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The instrument that records the blood pressure is called sphygmomanometer. The normal recommended blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.


If the blood pressure falls between the range of 120/80 mmHg and 140/90 mmHg it is termed as ‘pre-hypertension’.

High blood pressure can be dangerous as it makes the heart work harder. Hypertension is a ‘silent killer disease’ and it often has no signs and symptoms. If left untreated it can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke as well as kidney failure and eye damage. Some people may not realize they have high blood pressure until they have problems with their blood, heart or kidneys.

Almost one in every three people suffers from this condition and this may be related to our modern lifestyle and dietary changes. Consumption of salt, smoking, obesity, lack of exercise and stress are some of the factors that can lead to increase in the blood pressure.

Classification of hypertension

  • Primary (essential) hypertension - High blood pressure with no obvious underlying medical cause.
  • Secondary hypertension - High blood pressure caused by other conditions that affect the kidneys, arteries, heart or endocrine system.
  • Headaches, dizziness or nosebleeds are the common warning signs of high blood pressure.

Signs of High Blood Pressure

Adopting healthy lifestyle habits is an effective first step in both preventing and controlling high blood pressure. Diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers can be used for treating hypertension.

High blood pressure is a chronic condition and usually lasts a lifetime once it is developed.

What are the Causes of High Blood Pressure?


The causes of high blood pressure may vary according to individuals.

In 90 - 95% cases of high blood pressure, there is no specific underlying medical condition. Many patients have high blood pressure for years and do not know it. When the cause is unknown it is called essential hypertension or primary hypertension.

Certain associations have been noticed with people having essential hypertension. They include
  • A high intake of salt
  • Hereditary (genetic) susceptibility (30%)
  • Obesity
  • Kidney failure (renal insufficiency)
  • Lack of exercise
  • Aging inflammation
The remaining 5-10 % cases of hypertension are due to certain factors that can be corrected. This is known as secondary hypertension. The causes include –
  • Narrowing of certain arteries
  • Kidney abnormality
  • Structural abnormality of the aorta existing from birth
  • Adrenal gland diseases
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Pre-eclampsia, a significant increase in blood pressure during the last 3 months of pregnancy.
  • Use of illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines.
  • Medications like birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, pain relievers.
  • Metabolic Syndrome is also a cause of developing hypertension.
The major risk factors for developing hypertension are -
  • Age - Blood pressure increases as age increases.
  • Race - High blood pressure is more common in blacks than in whites.
  • Sex - In young adulthood and early middle age, men have high blood pressure more often than women.
  • Genetics - High blood pressure tends to run in families

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As the first step Anjali Mukerjee Health Total suggests the best way to control high blood pressure is to stop whipping your body with stimulants like coffee, tobacco, and alcohol. Along with managing stress and losing weight, one needs to follow dietary corrections comprising of foods that help keep your blood pressure in check.

A Comprehensive Genetic Testing is advised for all patients suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension to rule out the possible chronic complications like organ damages.


i am 39yrs old with hbp i take sigle medicine telma40mg pls give me a advice actual treatment 146/95, 140/90 sometimes 130/85 I have no idea what we do cn i take sarpgandha tab. Pls advice.


I am a 56 year old teacher with HBP. I take 2 medications. While at an antique show I signed up for a free x-ray and consultation at a local chiropractic office. The first visit the doctor took the x-ray, the second he went over the results. I was shocked to see that the top part of my spine was out of alignment. I agreed to having my spine adjusted to get it straight. The doctor proceeded to crack my neck. The next day, I remembered that I had this deep pain in my neck noticeable only when I pressed in firmly. It has been there for years. I decided to check it and was AMAZED that it was gone ! I have had 3 adjustments. Last night I decided to check my blood pressure because during my research about spine adjustments I read that it can lower high blood pressure and the reasons why made sense. Well, you guessed it- my blood pressure was 122/76! I took several readings. I will continue to check as I continue my therapy. My BP before was 140s-150s/80s-90s for years even on BP meds. Checkout how your spine alignment relates to HBP. Hope this helps someone out there!

Its really wonderful to know that spine alignment is linked to BP...!! thank you for your post..

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