A headache literally means ‘pain in the head’. In many cases, it does not stop with the head and may extend on to the neck and upper back. It is a very common complaint that may occur frequently in some people.
The brain is itself pain-free as it lacks nociceptors;however, the surrounding membrane, dura, and the associated blood vessels have pain receptors and are highly prone to pain. Any irritation to these membranes and blood vessels result in aches. Irritations to the head muscles too can result in a painful experience.
The common causes for a headache include stress/tensions, dehydration, eye stain, migraine, sinusitis and low levels of blood sugar. Headaches may also occur due to life-threatening conditions like brain tumors, encephalitis, meningitis, increased BP, cerebral aneurysms and brain tumors. Head injuries are other causes of headaches. In women, headaches can be caused by the fluctuating levels of hormones, such as estrogen.
In the vast majority of the cases, the pain is relieved by simple, over- the- counter, pain-relieving pills such as aspirin, ibuprofen or paracetamol. Certain headaches do not go away by themselves and may require more specific treatment accompanied by lifestyle changes.
Latest Publications and Research on Headache / CephalgiaAcute transverse myelitis (ascending myelitis) as the initial manifestation of Japanese encephalitis: a rare presentation. - Published by PubMed
Fructus xanthii attenuates hepatic steatosis in rats fed on high-fat diet. - Published by PubMed
Ciprofloxacin-associated posterior reversible encephalopathy. - Published by PubMed
Simultaneous determination of three alkaloids, four ginsenosides and limonin in the plasma of normal and headache rats after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by a novel ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method: application to a comparative pharmacokinetics and ethological study. - Published by PubMed
Headache attributed to cranial or cervical vascular disorders. - Published by PubMed