Gonorrhea / Clap
Gonorrhea is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is spread during sexual intercourse- vaginal, oral, and anal. Most often, gonorrhea is found in younger people (aged 15-30 years) who have multiple sex partners. It can also be spread from mother to child during pregnancy or child birth.
Gonorrhea does not always cause symptoms. In men, it can cause pain and burning sensation when urinating, and discharge from the penis. In women, gonorrhea can cause pain when urinating, bleeding between periods, and yellowish discharge from the vagina. If left untreated, it can lead to complications like epididymitis in men and pelvic inflammatory disease in women, which causes infertility.
Laboratory tests like gram stain, culture tests or DNA tests are useful to diagnose gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate the risk of transmission of gonorrhea.