Diagnosis of gingivitis (Gum Disease Ė Peridontitis) is simple as it is usually based on the personís descriptions of the existing symptoms. This is followed by an examination of the mouth by the dentist who will look out for plaque deposition or bleeding in the gums.
A medical evaluation may be required if the cause of gingivitis is not clear.
Although brushing removes plaque it can re-form quickly. Plaque that remains on the teeth and gums for longer than 2-3 days can harden to form tartar or calculus which is the breeding ground for bacteria. Tartar accumulates around that part of the gum around the base of the teeth (gingiva) and causes irritation. Tartar cannot be removed by mere brushing- it requires professional dental cleaning in order to be removed.
Common methods employed in treating gingivitis include - Scaling
- This is a thorough dental cleaning method to remove tartar or plaque. This technique may cause discomfort if the gums and teeth are sensitive or if there is plenty of plaque build up Brushing /Flossing
techniques will have to be initiated or renewed according to the individual Antiseptic mouth rinse /mouth wash
are recommended to remove bacteria
Correctly fixing dental restorations
may be required in case of Bridges, ill fitting crowns Mal-aligned teeth or other dental restorations may cause gingivitis and hence they might require to be fixed.