Symptoms and Signs
The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn or acid indigestion. It usually affects middle-aged men or women.
The symptom often presents itself at night and may wake up the patient. The person may find some relief by propping a couple of pillows under their head and thus letting gravity prevent the reflux from climbing up the esophagus. Smoking and consumption of alcohol can make the condition worse.
Other symptoms include-
Hoarse voice,especially in the morning
Burning sensation in mouth
Excessive clearing of the throat
Difficulty in swallowing
Chronic dry cough
In severe cases, the complications include-
Barretts esophagus - A few people with chronic GERD may develop this condition whereby some of the tissues in the esophagus lining begins to resemble intestinal tissues.
Esophagal cancer - Malignancy in the tissues of esophagus
Erosive Esophagitis - Inflammation and swelling of esophagus
Esophageal Strictures - Gradual narrowing of esophagus resulting in swallowing dificulties