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GERD

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Causes / Risk factors

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), as mentioned earlier, is caused by reflux of hydrochloric acid of the stomach into the esophagus. The lining of the esophagus is not designed to withstand hydrochloric acid and is, therefore, easily affected. It is not known why the LES relaxes more often in people with GERD, than in those without the condition. Some of the factors that contribute to GERD include -

 Hiatal Hernia

 Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

 Overuse of alcohol

 Pregnancy

 Obesity

 Smoking

 Certain foods, like citrus or fried items

  Certain medications, like prednisolone

 Hypercalcemia

 Scleroderma

  Systemic sclerosis

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