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Causes / Risk factors

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), as mentioned earlier, is caused by reflux of hydrochloric acid of the stomach into the esophagus. The lining of the esophagus is not designed to withstand hydrochloric acid and is, therefore, easily affected. It is not known why the LES relaxes more often in people with GERD, than in those without the condition. Some of the factors that contribute to GERD include -

Bullet Hiatal Hernia

Bullet Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Bullet Overuse of alcohol

Bullet Pregnancy

Bullet Obesity

Bullet Smoking

Bullet Certain foods, like citrus or fried items

Bullet  Certain medications, like prednisolone

Bullet Hypercalcemia

Bullet Scleroderma

Bullet  Systemic sclerosis


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