Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory, non-contagious,
chronic skin disorder that involves scaly and itchy
is also called eczema, dermatitis or
word ‘dermatitis’ means inflammation of the skin and ‘atopic’ refers to
diseases that are hereditary and often occur together. People with atopic dermatitis often have a family history of
asthma, hay fever or eczema.
Atopic dermatitis is
very common in all parts of the world. The disease can occur at any age but most often
affects infants and small children. It may start as early as age 2-6 months,
but many people outgrow it by early adulthood. It is also known as infantile eczema
, when it occurs in
People living in urban areas and in climates
with low humidity are at an increased risk for developing atopic dermatitis.
cause of atopic dermatitis is not well understood. Hypersensitivity reaction in the skin may cause atopic dermatitis.
is characterized by inflammation,
itching and scaling
of the skin. Atopic dermatitis is often referred to as
the ‘itch that rashes
’ because the
itching starts first, and the skin rash appears follows due to the scratching.
dermatitis responds well to home
. Proper skin care reduces the need for medicines. Topical creams and oral antihistamines
can be used to suppress the symptoms.