Simple occasional eye twitching does not require any treatment as it will disappear on its own. However he more chronic essential blepharospasm will require treatment. Drugs
: Many oral tablets have been used to treat blepharospasm. Some of them from various groups of medication include:
In general, these medications have not been very efficacious and have frequent side effects. In general, botulinum toxins injections have replaced oral medications as the treatment of choice in essential blepharospasm.Botox injections
: Botulinum toxins injections are the treatment of choice in the management of blepharospasm.Surgical treatment
: The principle is to stop contraction of an eye muscle called - Orbicularis
. It is done by cutting or transecting the muscle (myomectomy) and sometimes cutting the nerve supplying it. This procedure has a high rate of recurrence and has chances of permanent damage to the nerve and muscle. It is usually done when the patient do not respond to Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections.