It is an acute and life threatening complication of pregnancy that occurs during or immediately after conceiving as a complication of pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure and presence of protein in the urine). Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are collectively known as hypertensive disorder of pregnancy or toxemia of pregnancy.
The exact cause of eclampsia is not known. However, if pre-eclampsia is not diagnosed and controlled, it can lead to eclampsia.
Typically, patients with eclampsia show signs of pregnancy-induced hypertension and proteinuria prior to the onset of seizures, severe agitation and unconsciousness.
The treatment of women with pre-eclampsia is bed rest and delivery as soon as viable for the fetus. As the risk of eclampsia is unpredictable and often not easily correlated to physical signs such as the degree of blood pressure or proteinuria, an anticonvulsant (seizure prevention medicine) is usually given to women in labor with hypertension. Delivery is the treatment of choice for eclampsia in a pregnancy.
Treatment of eclampsia requires prompt attention and when left untreated, eclampsia can cause complications like placenta abruption (separation of the placenta), premature delivery or stillbirth.
Latest Publications and Research on EclampsiaUmbilical cord and fifth-day serum vaspin concentrations in small-, appropriate-, and large-for-gestational age neonates. - Published by PubMed
L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway and oxidative stress in plasma and platelets of patients with pre-eclampsia. - Published by PubMed
Anorectal malformations and pregnancy-related disorders: a registry-based case-control study in 17 European regions. - Published by PubMed
Haptoglobin phenotype, preeclampsia risk and the efficacy of vitamin C and e supplementation to prevent preeclampsia in a racially diverse population. - Published by PubMed
Cortical blindness in a patient with eclampsia: posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. - Published by PubMed