Dyslexia is also known as developmental reading
disorder (DRD). It is a reading disability despite
intelligence, motivation, and educational opportunities that occurs when
the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.
‘Dys’ means ‘difficulty’ and ‘lexia’ means
‘words’; thus ‘dyslexia’ means ‘a person who has difficulty with words’.
Dyslexia is a disorder that affects millions of people all around the world.
Approximately 5 -15% of the world population is diagnosed to be suffering from
various degrees of dyslexia. It is more common in males than in females.
is caused due to impairment in the brain’s ability to translate images received
from the eyes or ears into understandable language.
It is not due to vision
loss or hearing problems.
person has difficulty in verbal skills, abstract
reasoning, hand-eye coordination, concentration, perception, memory and social
adjustment. These problems result in the individual
having poor grades and becomes classified as an under achiever. Due to this the
dyslexic child is often labeled as lazy, low intellect and unmotivated.
Eventually, this affects the child's personality resulting in a low
self-esteem. The child often takes on the role of becoming the class clown, being
rebellious, feeling like a misfit and keeping to himself / herself, being
difficult and refusing to attend school.
Dyslexia is a lifelong condition and so it may
affect an individual differently at various stages of life. It is seen that
even though a dyslexic child has great difficulty in coping with normal
schoolwork, he may be interested in other aspects like sporting or
extracurricular activities. It is here that the child needs to be encouraged
tremendously so that he/she can overcome the low self-esteem.
and help for dyslexia is still not available as commonly as it should be. The first step in treating dyslexia is early
intervention, followed by multi-sensory teaching approach and emotional
support. Diagnostic tests and treatment can be quite expensive.