1. Which doctor should I
see if I have diabetic retinopathy?
You should see an ophthalmologist (eye specialist). You should also be
undergoing treatment with a diabetologist or an endocrinologist.
2. How can I prevent diabetic retinopathy?
Blindness can be prevented in 90% of people with
advanced diabetic retinopathy if the condition is treated before the retina is
Therefore, it is important to have yearly eye
if you have diabetes. If you have diabetic retinopathy, you may
need to have your eyes examined, with the pupils dilated, even more frequently.
It is very important to control your blood sugar
levels with your health care provider’s recommendation. This will help slow down
the progression of retinopathy and reduce the possibility for a laser surgery.
All pregnant women with diabetes should visit an
ophthalmologist during each trimester of their pregnancy for an eye examination
to check for retinopathy.
laser photocoagulation and vitrectomy effective in treating proliferative
Yes. Both treatments are
very effective in reducing vision loss due to proliferative retinopathy. The
success rate of the treatments is very high. In the face of timely and appropriate
treatment, the chances of blindness are less than 5%.
4. Are there any oral
medications to treat diabetic retinopathy?
No. However, research is ongoing to look out for drugs
that will prevent abnormal blood vessels from growing. The efficacy of corticosteroid
injections administered into the eyeball is being investigated.