The pancreas, which is an organ present in the abdominal cavity of the body, secretes this hormone insulin. This hormone is the key to the way your body processes food because it helps maintain the proper level of a sugar (glucose) in your blood. Glucose is your body's fuel. Cells use glucose to produce energy to grow and function. Glucose is escorted by insulin through your bloodstream and insulin helps in unlocking cells to allow glucose to enter.
In diabetes, lack of insulin or the resistance of your cells to insulin prevents the right amount of glucose from entering your cells. The unused glucose builds up in your blood, a condition called hyperglycemia.
Type 1 diabetes: This is the type of diabetes that generally affects young people and requires treatment with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes: This type of diabetes generally develops after age 40. Diabetes can develop gradually, often without symptoms, over many years. It may reveal itself too late to prevent damage. In fact, you may first learn you have diabetes when you develop one of its common complications - heart disease, kidney disease or vision problems. Today, better methods of diabetes control, new medications and easier ways to take insulin enable most people who develop type 1 or 2 diabetes to live a long and healthy life.
Click Here to Download "Diabetes Wallet Card"
Latest Publications and Research on DiabetesAldose Reductase Inhibitory Activity of Compounds from??Zea mays L. - Published by PubMed
Retrospective analysis of arthroscopic superior labrum anterior to posterior repair: prognostic factors associated with failure. - Published by PubMed
Fructus xanthii attenuates hepatic steatosis in rats fed on high-fat diet. - Published by PubMed
Pneumonia and mortality risk in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients with diabetic nephropathy. - Published by PubMed
Association between Vitamin D Insufficiency and Elevated Serum Uric Acid among Middle-Aged and Elderly Chinese Han Women. - Published by PubMed