Essentials of a Diabetic Diet
The diabetic diet has to be used wisely in combination with insulin doses or with oral hypoglycemic drugs.
The diet plan for a diabetic is based on the body’s BMI, age, sex, physical activity and type of diabetes. While planning the diet certain complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels are taken into consideration.
Based on the above criteria the dietician will assess the total daily calorie intake.
As such there is no common diabetic diet plan that will work for everyone. Nor is there any particular diet plan that works perfectly for a diabetic for a long duration. Changes have to be made periodically depending on various aspects.
While planning the diet for a diabetic we should consider certain important factors, like:
- Fiber intake should at least be 40 gm/day (1.4 oz / day)
- Small frequent meals (5 to 6) are to be planned
- Whole grain and high fibre foods should be encouraged over refined foods, sweets and fried foods and bakery products. Carbohydrates should be avoided 2 hours before bedtime
- More of fresh fruit and vegetables should be eaten
The 1800 calorie diabetic diet plan is helpful to people with diabetes mellitus. During the entire day, the total calorie intake should be 1500-1800 calories– 60% carbohydrate, 20% fat and 20% proteins. If you are on calorie-restricted diet, make sure to take 50-60% of calories as complex carbohydrate (whole cereals). Glucose is a sugar released from carbohydrates so, in order to control the blood sugar levels the consumption of simple carbohydrates should be limited. Also with consumption of simple carbs there is sudden rise in the insulin levels. Immediate peaking of insulin, over a period of time leads to increase in fat mass and other long standing disease conditions.
Latest Publications and Research on Diabetes and DietFructus xanthii attenuates hepatic steatosis in rats fed on high-fat diet. - Published by PubMed
Adenoviral Gene Transfer of PLD1-D4 Enhances Insulin Sensitivity in Mice by Disrupting Phospholipase D1 Interaction with PED/PEA-15. - Published by PubMed
Ellagic acid improves hepatic steatosis and serum lipid composition through reduction of serum resistin levels and transcriptional activation of hepatic ppara in obese, diabetic KK-A(y) mice. - Published by PubMed
[Lifestyles of primary care physicians: Perception and implications on cardiovascular prevention.] - Published by PubMed
Meal related glucose monitoring is a method of diagnosing glucose intolerance in pregnancies with high probability of gestational diabetes but normal glucose tolerance by oral glucose tolerance test. - Published by PubMed