Chemical castration is a procedure wherein medications are administered to reduce testosterone
The recent surge in rape cases
has reiterated a fresh demand for introduction of chemical castration
for rapists in India. Besides, even some wives are requesting it for their husbands to reduce their libido
! What is chemical castration? When and how is it done? What are the pros and cons of doing chemical castration in sexual offenders? Read on to understand more on this issue.Castration in males is a procedure by which the person loses the function of his testes, thereby resulting in loss of libido and infertility
. In ancient India, castration was done on strong males to convert them into eunuchs, who were then posted to guard women’s quarters. Sexual offenders have been granted the punishment of castration in some countries.
Castration is done through two different procedures: In surgical castration, the testes are surgically removed. Thus, the effects of this type of castration are permanent. In medical or chemical castration, drugs are administered at regular intervals to reduce the levels of testosterone in the body, thereby reducing sexual drive and resulting in infertility
. Thus, though the words ‘chemical castration’ may sound very scary, the actual procedure involves only administration of some medication to a person.
Though chemical castration has been adopted for sexual offenders including pedophiles in several states of USA and some European countries, it still remains a debatable issue in India. The first case of chemical castration in Asia was recently approved by a South Korean court, while other countries including Malaysia are pushing for the same punishment.
Castration has not only been done as a form of punishment or ritual, it also has a role in therapy. Chemical castration is commonly done for advanced prostate cancer
, to keep the growth of the cancer cells in check.