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Cervical Cancer

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What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is a slowly progressing disease, which affects the lining of the mouth of the uterus, known as cervix.

Cancer is a disease caused by the uncontrolled growth and proliferation of cells. Cancer that affects the lining of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus, is known as cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer

The inner lining of the cervix comprises of two cell types, the squamous and the columnar cells. The region in the cervix where there is a transition from one cell type to another is called the squamo-columnar junction. This is the area that is most prone to develop cancer. Cancer of the cervix develops gradually and becomes full-blown over a period of time. The abnormal changes that the cervical cells develop transform them to a pre-cancerous state, which is referred to as 'Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia' (CIN). Based on its degree or intensity, these changes are classified as low grade CIN and high grade CIN. This may eventually progress to form a localized cancer. The cancer later spreads to adjacent tissues and even distant organs.

Cervical cancer is mostly caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The risk factors for cervical cancer include smoking, unprotected sex, having many children, prolonged use of birth control pills, or having HIV infection. A pap-smear test is done to find out any changes occurring in the cervical cells before they turn into cancer; the sample for the test is obtained from the squamo-columnar junction.

Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. Cervical cancer treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation.

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What is the symtoms of having cervical cancer?
Judy06 Monday, May 5, 2014
can penis penetrate into the cervix kind regards
emran Tuesday, September 6, 2011
Dear Sir,
Sub: Device to Combat HIV/AIDS

We are pleased to inform you that we, the Era Healthcare (I) Pvt. Ltd. are the manufacturer of disposable vaginal speculum in India under the brand name of DISPOSPEC..
Gynecologists, / Obstetrician and Oncologists from these places are still using old conventional Vaginal Speculum made of metal knowing fully well about the problems, hazards, cost of sterilization and the threat of acquiring diseases like HPV & HIV.As a matter of fact,
Metal Vaginal Speculum is used and put it in that tumbler without noticing whether the temp. is as per required guidelines for sterilization or not.
DISPOSPEC is a disposable vaginal speculum which can protect patient from contamination, re-infection, cross contamination like HPV and most importantly HIV.
Since, national AIDS Control Organization is a Government of India program, controlled
> by Ministry of Health, we therefore proudly present Era Healthcare as an organization, wants to take an active part in your noble program to eradicate HIV/AIDS by introducing DISPOSPEC,

We shall be therefore highly obliged if you kindly enlist this product by name in your program and float your enquiry to us so that we could get an
> opportunity to combat hand in hand with you to eradicate HIV /AIDS from our society.

Needless to mention we shall supply your requirement with an optimum price (for this program only) to make your program successful.
Let us have your requirement and if the requirement is huge to the tune of > 1000 units, kindly do give us at least 21 days time for shipment.
At present the MRP for the Institutions is INR.24-00 per unit and for retail discount depend on quantity
We are sincerely expecting your response in this regards at the earliest.
Thanking you and assuring our best possible service

Yours faithfully,

Avijit Mukherjee
For Era Healthcare (I) Pvt. Ltd.
+91 9230536316

Era Healthcare (I) Pvt Ltd
Tel: 033 6452 9832, Fax: +91 033 2546 5471

EraHealthcare Wednesday, August 11, 2010
What is the incidence of ca cx in India in 2010? kindly support with references.
indus Thursday, March 11, 2010
Cervirax is considered to be effective before any contact with semen, but if somebody is using coitus interruptus method of contraception is it of any use or not????
heer28 Friday, January 29, 2010
The vaccines Gardasil and Cervarix won't reduce cancer incidence or deaths. They will divert hundreds of billions of health care dollars to the coffers of pharmaceutical companies.

HPV infections, advertised to be the cause of cervical cancer, are slow and handled by our immune systems in over 90% according to the CDC/FDA/American Cancer Society

Women who don't clear HPV infection have immune problems caused by nutritional deficiencies, toxic exposure, toxin ingestion or genetics.

If an immune system can't clear an HPV infection no vaccine can help. Vaccines are passive targets and can't fix an immune system unable to identify or destroy HPV

HPV is controlled by intracellular immune response. Vaccine stimulate the humoral, antibody, response. Antibodies fight bloodborne infections and will not appreciably affect the rate of cervical HPV infections and CANNOT combat an active HPV infection

This will be proved in 20 years when vaccines are shown to have failed

michael0156 Friday, May 22, 2009
You're correct in stating that the vaccines will not combat those already infected. However, they have been proven to prevent infection of the HPV strains 6,11,16, and 18. Women don't have to have an "immune problem" caused by toxins, etc. to not clear the infection.I suggest you check your facts before posting such erroneous statements.
guest Saturday, September 19, 2009
I made no errors. Over 90% of us clear all HPV infection without drugs doctors or vaccines [FDA], a properly functioning immune system doing it's job. Chronic infection is caused by an immune system problem as I described

Gardasil has NOT been proven to prevent HPV infection, except by conflicted Merck research

A humoral response cannot prevent HPV infection of epithelial tissue, but cell mediated response can. Vaccines to provoke a cell mediated response are being developed. Until then Merck will be defrauding its customers with your help

Gardasil is the largest medical fraud in history perpetrated by Merck, maker of Vioxx and Pargluva, their two previous medical frauds.

Less than 1% of women chronically infected with HPV develop cervical cancer. This is not a cause and effect relationship. Read the Markovics' (oncologists) opinion that HPV and cervical cancer are together merely by coincidence, due to HPV being common and cervical cancer being rare.

guest Saturday, September 26, 2009
what are the Treatmen options for Stage 3b cervical cancer and what is the prognosis.
jyothiratti Thursday, May 21, 2009
In a study published by Fr.V.Shata from chennai she says that 'Cancer of the uterine cervix is one of the leading causes of cancer death among women worldwide.'

She estimates that the number of new cervical cancer cases per year is 500,000, of which 79% occur in developing countries.

She further adds that 'cervical cancer is ranked highest or second-highest among cancers in women in developing countries, whereas in affluent countries cervical cancer does not even rate within the top 5 leading cancers in women. The truncated rate in the age group 35-64 years in Chennai, India, is even higher (99.1/100,000; 1982-95) than the rate reported from Cali, Colombia (77.4/100,000; 1987-91). The cervical cancer burden in India alone is estimated to reach 100,000 by 2001. The differential patterns of cervical cancer and the wide variation in incidence are possibly related to environmental differences. Etiologic associations and possible risk factors for cervical carcinoma have been extensively studied. The factors are: sexual and reproductive factors; socioeconomic factors (education and income); viruses (e.g., herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, HIV); and other factors such as smoking, diet, oral contraceptives, hormones, etc. The accumulated evidence suggests that cervical cancer is preventable and is highly suitable for primary prevention. Sexual hygiene, use of barrier contraceptives, and ritual circumcision can undoubtedly reduce cervical cancer incidence. Education, cervical cancer screening of high-risk groups, and improvement in socioeconomic status can reduce cervical cancer morbidity and mortality significantly.'

A goodstudy worth referring to for lookinbg at this miserable disease of the women.

prema Wednesday, April 15, 2009
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in India, however it is only the third most common cancer among women in Unites States. Endometrial cancer and ovarain cancer are more common. It is however breast cancer that tops the list with approximately 200,000 women suffering from it every year. The pelvic cancers - endometrium, ovary, cervix, vulva, vagina, tubes, as well as gestational trophoblastic malignancies. Apparenently 20,000 to 25,000 women will succumb to these pelvic malignancies every year.

Some of these stats are from Guy I.Benrubi, M.D. from University of Florida Health Science Center / Jacksonville.

prema Wednesday, April 15, 2009

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