Preventing a disease generally involves avoiding its risk factors although such avoidance does not guarantee that the disease will not develop. Some of the common preventive measures are listed below.
The HPV, which is associated with cervical cancer, is usually transmitted from one person to another through sexual activity. Women who have had multiple sex partners are more likely to develop the disease. It is therefore advisable to restrict the number of sex partners.
Usage of condoms during sex helps to control the onset of cervical cancer.
Heavy smoking should be avoided or reduced, as women who smoke are more likely to develop cervical cancer than non-smokers.
Studies suggest that regular intake of certain micronutrients like vitamins or minerals helps to prevent the onset of cervical cancer.
Routine screening in the form of Pap tests must be carried out to detect cervical cancer in the early stages.
The high incidence of cervical cancer in India has induced the government to liase with the multi-national company, Merck, to produce a vaccine for cervical cancer. Clinical trials are now being carried out. The vaccine, called Gardasil, is available in the markets of several European countries and the United States.