What is the Role of Carbohydrates?
Although genetic, metabolic, social, cultural as well as environmental factors are associated with obesity, the major cause of obesity and increased weight is the consumption of energy dense and high calorie foods such as fats and sugars, in addition to decreased physical activity. This causes an energy imbalance or an excess of energy, which is stored in the body as fat.
Studies show that the quality of carbohydrates, rather than the quantity, determines whether a person gains weight and becomes obese. So, if you have a tendency to gain weight, you should refrain from eating white bread, pasta, chips, processed foods, cakes and cookies. This is because the high glycemic index in those foods causes a sudden increase in blood sugar. This increased blood sugar, if not utilized by the body, builds up as fat.
A fiber-rich diet is important in the control and management of obesity. Fiber is a mixture of cellulose, lignin and polysaccharides called pentoses. It is the part of plant food which is indigestible and does not provide any calories. Fiber helps in the management of obesity as it provides bulk to food which makes you feel fuller while reducing the calories consumed. High fiber not only helps you to lose weight but prevents heart diseases as it reduces the absorption of lipids, proteins and simple carbohydrates which are recognized as risk factors. Certain pentoses present in fiber bind with cholesterol, thus reducing its absorption from the intestine. Daily intake of 10-12 grams of fiber is recommended. Fiber rich foods include wheat bran, whole wheat four, peas, carrots and most of the leafy green vegetables.
Latest Publications and Research on Carbohydrates and Its Role in ObesityGPR43/FFA2: physiopathological relevance and therapeutic prospects. - Published by PubMed
Fructose as a key player in the development of fatty liver disease. - Published by PubMed
Impact of insufficient sleep on total daily energy expenditure, food intake, and weight gain. - Published by PubMed
Gut microbiota and the development of obesity. - Published by PubMed
The role of hyperglycemia in the induction of oxidative stress and inflammatory process. - Published by PubMed