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Birth Control Pills / Contraceptive Pills Types, Advantages & Risks

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About Birth Control Pills

Oral contraceptive or the oral contraceptive pills contain hormones and are one of the most important and reliable methods of contraception.

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They are of different types depending on what they contain

Combined Pills: These pills contain the female hormones estrogen and progestin. Estrogen is usually in the form of ethinyl estradiol while the progestin may be in different forms such as levonorgestrel, desogestrel, norgestimate or gestodene.

Combined pills are available in 2 different packs, the 21-day pack and the 28-day pack. The 28-day pack contains both the hormones in the first 21 pills and the last 7 pills have no hormones and are referred to as the spacer pills. In some packs, these spacer tablets contain iron. The pills are to be consumed daily at the same time. The common brands available in the US market are Levlite, Alesse, Mircette and LoEstrin while those in the Indian market are Mala D, Ovral, Novelon and Femilon.

Birth Control Pills / Oral Contraceptive Pills

Newer forms of combined pills are now available. Some contain hormones for a longer duration of 24 days and spacer pills for 4 days. These packs reduce the duration of bleeding. Chewable combined pills are available in some countries. Some hormonal pills can be taken continuously for 12 weeks followed by a week of spacer pills or very low dose estrogen. This results in bleeding only 4 times per year.

Phased Pills: Phased pills may be either biphasic or triphasic. In these pills the estrogen dose is kept more or less constant while the progestin dose is pregressively increased in the later stages of the cycle. Common triphasic pills are Triquilar and 3-Phase.

Minipill: Minipills contain only a low dose of progesterone. They are not as effective as a combined pill. An example of a minipill is Ovrette.

Morning After Pill: This pill is used after sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy. It contains a progestin either as 1 or 2 tablets. It is available in brands such as as I-pill, Oops and pill 72.

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Centchroman: Centchroman is a nonhormonal oral birth control pill developed and available in India. It does not have the side effects of hormonal contraceptives.
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What are the side effects of taking contraceptive pills? Do all women who take this pills face the side effects? Is there any way to avoid this side effects?
sheena_hines Monday, July 21, 2014
i had sex on 3rd day of menstrual cycle. and it did not occur again after 35 day. can i pregnant.
yogendra1993 Wednesday, March 26, 2014
What happens when virgin takes M-pill, not knowing that she is a virgin? Anything serious happens?
Chinni123 Friday, March 21, 2014
my wife mensus was on 5th aug we had sex on 18th how to control birth
vkgtss61 Wednesday, September 4, 2013
i am 17 years old. i had sex before 2 months and i takes i-pill after 2 month.can i be pregnent.
aisha786 Friday, August 30, 2013
Where is the male birth control pill????
deeeddeeeeeeeee Saturday, August 3, 2013
If a woman start to take birth control at the age 33 yr old is it will also help them to reduces risk of ovarian or other cancers? or you have to take it when you are very young?
justwondering Friday, July 26, 2013
If any woman takes Birth control Pill's for long period i.e. 20 years contuniously . Is it Harmful for her body what side effects will found
Tejas.92 Saturday, June 29, 2013
i have taken uv72 in sep 2012 but in this month april my period has not come for last 2 months what shud i do and i have checked i am not pregnant
as09222 Wednesday, April 24, 2013
Hey,my gf is having some mensuration cycle problem,nd usually miss the cycle some time,treatment is going on for that nd now she is normal from 2 months,can she take contraceptive pills in case of emergency.
khan3792 Monday, April 22, 2013
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