About Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
The word ‘benign’ means that the enlargement is not caused by cancer or infection. The word ‘hyperplasia’ means enlargement. It is also known as Benign Enlargement of Prostate (BEP).
The prostate is a walnut sized gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located below the urinary bladder and surrounds the upper portion of the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). The main function of the prostate gland is to produce fluid for the semen.
As the prostate gland increases in size it causes the gland to pinch against the urethra like a clamp on a garden-hose. As a result it can put pressure on the urethra and slow down or cut off the flow of urine. The bladder wall becomes thicker and irritable leading to contraction of bladder even when it contains small amounts of urine, causing more frequent urination. Eventually, the bladder weakens and loses the ability to empty itself.
The size of the prostate does not always determine how severe the obstruction or the symptoms will be. Some men with greatly enlarged glands have little obstruction and few symptoms while others whose glands are less enlarged, have more blockage and greater problems. Sometimes a man may not know that he has any obstruction until he suddenly finds that he is unable pass urine at all.
A variety of treatment approaches can help solve BPH problems. To provide relief from BPH symptoms, medications may be needed to relax the muscles of the prostate, or to block hormones that cause prostatic growth, or to relax the bladder and improve continence. Surgery is recommended for people who have not been able to successfully treat the condition with other treatment options.
Latest Publications and Research on Benign Prostatic HyperplasiaBPH: Age not an issue for HoLEP. - Published by PubMed
Clinical Progression, Acute Urinary Retention, Prostate-Related Surgeries, and Costs in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Taking Early Versus Delayed Combination 5a-Reductase Inhibitor Therapy and a-Blocker Therapy: A Retrospective Analysis. - Published by PubMed
Clinical, Laboratorial, and Urodynamic Findings of Prostatic Artery Embolization for the Treatment of Urinary Retention Related to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. A Prospective Single-Center Pilot Study. - Published by PubMed
[Supplemental role of thrombospondin-1 in the diagnosis of prostate cancer]. - Published by PubMed
A cost-minimisation analysis comparing photoselective vaporisation (PVP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for the management of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Queensland, Australia. - Published by PubMed