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Artificial/Prosthetic Limbs

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How to Use/Basic Features

The basic features of a typicalartificial limbinclude acustom fitted socket, a pylon or the main framework and the suspension system made up of knee cuffs or belts for attaching the limb to the body. Realistic looking skin is used in some cases to make the limbs look as natural as possible because the amputee is most often very particular about the physical appearance of the artificial limbs and would prefer it to naturally merge with the rest of the body. Modern plastics, better pigments and advanced moulding techniques have made realistic looking artificial limbs available for the amputee.

It is important that artificial limbs or prosthetics be made from lightweight material so the user can control the movement of the limbs comfortably. Replacing the heavy iron and steel pylons of early days, artificial limbs began using lightweight pylons made of metals and alloys such as titanium, aluminium and duralumin.  Modern artificial limbs have pylons manufactured from carbon fiber composites usually covered with foam that can be dyed to suit the user’s skin shade for a natural appearance.

The portion of the artificial limb that accommodates the patient’s limb stump is known as the socket. Polypropylene is generally preferred for making the socket and is usually lined with a soft material to make the socket rest more comfortably. Insufficient padding can irritate the skin at the place of contact, hence some users prefer using prosthetic socks made of cotton or soft synthetic materials to help the socket fit better.

Suspension system involves the use of harnesses, belts and straps to connect the artificial limb to the person’s stump. Some artificial limbs can connect to the patient's stump by means of suction.

Artificial limbs need a control system to facilitate movement. For example the upper arm can be controlled through:

Body power - controlled through a ‘cable mechanism’

External power - uses battery energy or myoelectric sensors

Hybrid  power - uses a combination of the above two

Myoelectric artificial limbs developed in the 20th century use the technique of moving artificial limbs with electric signals from the person’s arm muscles. It was successfully tried on adults and now children have begun using myoelectric artificial limbs.

Physical Therapy

After getting an artificial limb, the patient has to become comfortable using the limb in day to day activities. Parallely, the person must be trained by a physiotherapist to do special exercises that will strengthen the muscles moving the artificial limbs. Persons fitted with artificial legs or feet gradually learn to get in and out of bed/ car without help and improve their gait so that they can walk without a limp that reveals their artificial leg.

More than causing a physical disability, an amputationcauses the patient to suffer a psychological, economic and social handicap which can be overcome to a certain extent by using artificial limbs. Any successful rehabilitation programme for amputees should follow a regular pattern consisting mainly of pre-amputation counselling, accurate amputation surgery, post amputation care involving psychotherapy, prosthetic fitting and periodic follow up, vocational training if necessary and reintegration into the community for which the community at large has to cooperate wholeheartedly.

A Support group involving other amputees will help those newly fitted with artificial limbs adapt to their situation faster and with greater confidence.

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Dear sir i have lost my right hand in an accident. So i can replace it with artificial hand. D don't know about the whole process so can you suggest about all. Pls help me. As soon as possible....
anand538 Thursday, November 27, 2014
Sir My son lost left hand from elbow in papad machine at 4 year old. Kindly give the new artificial working hand so he can do his work in both hand and drive vehicle.
sanjay100566 Thursday, July 31, 2014
Dear Mr. Sanjay,
We offer Complete Rehab facility associated with fitting and training of various Prosthesis including Myoelectric Upper limb Systems and Microprocessor controlled Lower Limb Systems.

Guest Saturday, August 09, 2014
Hi, My father had met with an accident 2 months back and lost his left hands fingers which were badly crushed by bus. Now he is recovering his hand after the skin grafting. kindly let me know any options of reattachment of artificial fingers possible in india.
Sweta2989 Thursday, May 22, 2014
Dear Mr. Sanjay, We offer Complete Rehab facility associated with fitting and training of various Prosthesis including Myoelectric Upper limb Systems and Microprocessor controlled Lower Limb Systems.
ZiART Saturday, August 09, 2014
Hi Sweta, We offer Complete Rehab facility associated with fitting and training of various Prosthesis including Myoelectric Upper limb Systems and Microprocessor controlled Lower Limb Systems. Thanks
ZiART Saturday, August 09, 2014
Sir, my brother lost his leg after amputation above the knee, we are now looking for the best limb that can enable him to manage his mobility activities without any problem, please help us with whatever information that can help us to get your service, we are in East Africa, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
ZANDRANY Wednesday, April 30, 2014
hello sir i have my father a law his diabetic he lost a left leg in 2010 and he wont to have prosthetic leg his in africa right now and he wont to come to do it here in the state how can he get help to have one here in atlanta ga thank you
safwan1 Friday, November 22, 2013
Hello sir I met with an accident in 1999 in this I have lost my three fingers and a thumb of my right leg feet the only remained finger is little finger....so sir I would like to know that can u arrange me a prosthetic part so that I can wear shoes properly...sir plz reply me....
abhi.rock Monday, November 18, 2013
My elder brother, age-35 yrs. need to ampute his left hand from mid fore arms [below albow]. Will you pls help me out regarding this. My querys are given below... 1. COST? 2. CAN YOU SEND ME VIA COURIER(MY LOCATION IS DHAKA, BANGLADESH)? 3. CAN I SEAT IT THROUGH ANY Prosthetic SURGEONE OR DO YOU HAVE ANY SEGEST SURGEONE IN BANGLADESH.
Arafatbd Sunday, October 13, 2013
Why can't these be purchased, affordably, in the USA, to help provide revenue to provide free limbs to those in need? My Mother has a clunky prosthetic below the knee. This would seam to be much better... And EXTREMELY More Affordable.
Shae18 Wednesday, September 04, 2013
My right hand limb has disabled and i need it to be replaced by artificial limb. Think you might be of some help to me.
mayur123 Tuesday, July 30, 2013
Hi Mayur, It's really sad that you have to go through the pain of disabled limb. It's a good idea to go for artificial limb so that you don't feel helpless. Please let me know your city of residence so that I can suggest a few options for you. God Bless!
Advancells Tuesday, July 30, 2013
Hi sir, my name is srikanth, by birth handicap my right leg smaller then left leg and i have feet it has strength, so can plz tell me from where can i get free prosthetic limb, plz help me.



srikanth700 Sunday, July 07, 2013
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