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Artificial/Prosthetic Limbs

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Artificial limbs, prosthetic limbs or prostheses are mechanical replacements for missing limbs –arms or legs. When people have the misfortune of losing their arms or legs due to injury, disease or birth defects, artificial limbs help amputees get back to their normal functioning to a certain degree. Cancer, infection and cardiovascular disease brought about by disorders like diabetes are leading illnesses that cause amputation. Serious calamities like the recent earthquake that devastated Haiti bring in their wake thousands of seriously injured people who will need artificial limbs as their wounds begin to heal.

An upper extremity amputation that might result in the loss of the entire arm or a part of it could leave a person ill equipped to perform day to day activities involving the arm such as washing, writing, typing, hugging, lifting objects and so on. Similarly, a lower extremity amputation will have a person missing the whole or a portion of the leg and this could render the person incapable of walking, running and performing other activities involving the lower limbs.  Artificial limbs are devised to afford better mobility involving limbs and give people the freedom of functioning without depending on others. 

Artificial Limbs


Artificial limbs are of two types- Exoskeletal or Crustacean and Endoskeletal or modular.  The Exoskeletal variety has a hard and rigid shell because the walls of the artificial limbs are responsible for the shape as well as the weight transmission. In the endoskeletal type a central shaft covered by a cosmetic covering is used to transmit weight.

Artificial limbs are named according to the level of amputation performed to fit the limbs. The four main names for artificial limbs are:

Transtibial- the artificial limb that replaces the missing part of leg below the knee

Transfemoral- the artificial limb above the knee

Transradial- the artificial limb that replaces the arm below the elbow

Transhumeral- the artificial limb above the elbow

Modern day artificial limbs have moved a long way from the peg legs and cumbersome iron and wooden replacements for missing limbs used in olden days. Advanced surgical procedures enable precise amputations to fit appropriately devised artificial limbs. Lighter materials and improved computer aided designs in artificial limbs along with laser assisted measuring and fitting of the limbs, afford greater degree of flexibility and maneuverability for the user these days.

Ideally artificial limbs must be light, flexible and easily adaptable to the user to permit easy movement. It should also be strong enough to support the body’s weight if they are artificial legs or feet and manipulate objects if they are artificial arms or hands or parts of the same.  Artificial limbs basically need to be functional, comfortable, afford a great degree of stability, be cosmetically acceptable, not too expensive, readily available and serviceable and preferably local for quick repairs and adjustments. Artificial limbs are usually made out of materials like willow wood, metallic alloys, fiber and plastic lamination and complex carbon –fiber substances.

Artificial limbs are not manufactured in bulk but most often custom made to suit individual needs. After initial consultation with the amputee, a prosthetist (healthcare professional skilled in making and fitting artificial limbs) and a physiotherapist, a medical doctor prescribes artificial limbs to the amputee.  Following the prescription, the person visits the prosthetist to have the artificial limb fitted.  Before making the artificial limb the prosthetist evaluates the amputee and takes a digital reading or at least an impression of the remaining part of the natural limb. Computers using a CAD/CAM to design artificial limbs and laser guided measuring and fitting have vastly improved the quality of artificial limbs available for amputees.

The cost of fitting artificial limbs depends on the materials used and the degree of sophistication involved in customizing the product to the user. Depending upon wear and tear, and also if the person gains or loses weight, the artificial limb may have to be replaced once in every 3 or 4 years. While there are artificial limbs that cost over $8000 a piece there are also well designed, low cost, functional ones like the popular Jaipur foot manufactured in India.
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Sir My son lost left hand from elbow in papad machine at 4 year old. Kindly give the new artificial working hand so he can do his work in both hand and drive vehicle.
sanjay100566 Thursday, July 31, 2014
Dear Mr. Sanjay,
We offer Complete Rehab facility associated with fitting and training of various Prosthesis including Myoelectric Upper limb Systems and Microprocessor controlled Lower Limb Systems.

Guest Saturday, August 09, 2014
Hi, My father had met with an accident 2 months back and lost his left hands fingers which were badly crushed by bus. Now he is recovering his hand after the skin grafting. kindly let me know any options of reattachment of artificial fingers possible in india.
Sweta2989 Thursday, May 22, 2014
Dear Mr. Sanjay, We offer Complete Rehab facility associated with fitting and training of various Prosthesis including Myoelectric Upper limb Systems and Microprocessor controlled Lower Limb Systems.
ZiART Saturday, August 09, 2014
Hi Sweta, We offer Complete Rehab facility associated with fitting and training of various Prosthesis including Myoelectric Upper limb Systems and Microprocessor controlled Lower Limb Systems. Thanks
ZiART Saturday, August 09, 2014
Sir, my brother lost his leg after amputation above the knee, we are now looking for the best limb that can enable him to manage his mobility activities without any problem, please help us with whatever information that can help us to get your service, we are in East Africa, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
ZANDRANY Wednesday, April 30, 2014
hello sir i have my father a law his diabetic he lost a left leg in 2010 and he wont to have prosthetic leg his in africa right now and he wont to come to do it here in the state how can he get help to have one here in atlanta ga thank you
safwan1 Friday, November 22, 2013
Hello sir I met with an accident in 1999 in this I have lost my three fingers and a thumb of my right leg feet the only remained finger is little finger....so sir I would like to know that can u arrange me a prosthetic part so that I can wear shoes properly...sir plz reply me....
abhi.rock Monday, November 18, 2013
My elder brother, age-35 yrs. need to ampute his left hand from mid fore arms [below albow]. Will you pls help me out regarding this. My querys are given below... 1. COST? 2. CAN YOU SEND ME VIA COURIER(MY LOCATION IS DHAKA, BANGLADESH)? 3. CAN I SEAT IT THROUGH ANY Prosthetic SURGEONE OR DO YOU HAVE ANY SEGEST SURGEONE IN BANGLADESH.
Arafatbd Sunday, October 13, 2013
Why can't these be purchased, affordably, in the USA, to help provide revenue to provide free limbs to those in need? My Mother has a clunky prosthetic below the knee. This would seam to be much better... And EXTREMELY More Affordable.
Shae18 Wednesday, September 04, 2013
My right hand limb has disabled and i need it to be replaced by artificial limb. Think you might be of some help to me.
mayur123 Tuesday, July 30, 2013
Hi Mayur, It's really sad that you have to go through the pain of disabled limb. It's a good idea to go for artificial limb so that you don't feel helpless. Please let me know your city of residence so that I can suggest a few options for you. God Bless!
Advancells Tuesday, July 30, 2013
Hi sir, my name is srikanth, by birth handicap my right leg smaller then left leg and i have feet it has strength, so can plz tell me from where can i get free prosthetic limb, plz help me.



srikanth700 Sunday, July 07, 2013
In 2005, my mother fractured her right leg from above the ankle. Owing to medical negligence the broken bone could not be fixed and the foot from the lower shin is hanging which is required to be amputated. She is 92. She need a prosthetic leg. Please advice.
youdangba23 Friday, February 08, 2013
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