Treatment and Prognosis
There are no treatments for anosmia itself. The underlying cause is found out and treated. In cases like sinusitis, complete recovery of smell may not possible even after successful treatment. Anosmia due to colds or viral infections may be temporary. Treatment of respiratory allergies or chronic upper respiratory infections often reverses anosmia due to the same.
Adding concentrated flavoring agents to food improves the enjoyment of eating in patients who retain some sense of smell. It is also important that smoke alarms be fitted in homes of patients with anosmia. Extra caution should be attached to stored food since they may have difficulty to detect food spoilage. Use of natural gas for cooking or heating should be done with great caution as gas leakage may go undetected by the patient. Avoid excessive use of nasal decongestants.
Prognosis of Anosmia
Chances of recovery are excellent when the cause of anosmia is a reversible one like nasal inflammation. However in cases where nerve damage is the problem, recovery may be difficult.