Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
- Causes and Risk Factors of Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Symptoms and Signs of Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Diagnosis of Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Types of Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Treatment of Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Latest Publication and Research
The Indian prevalence of the disease has been reported as 1.1% from South India and 4.7% in North India.
Among the risk factors of AMD, age plays a major role. The risk increases with increasing age. Other risk factors being white race, smoking, obesity, sunlight exposure, hypertension and genetic factors.
|Quiz on Eye||Health Animation - Laser Eye Surgery|
The patient with AMD visits an eye doctor with the complaints of difficulty in night vision, decreased contrast, decreased saturation of colors, distortion of objects and a dark spot in the center of visual field.
AMD is differentiated into two types: Dry or non-exudative AMD and Wet or exudative AMD. The dry type is the more prevalent form, the wet type constitutes only 10% but it is the predominant form of vision loss.
Treatment modalities of wet AMD are laser, photodynamic therapy and injections into the eye. Injections commonly used are Anti-VEGF (avastin, leucentis and macugen) and steroids (Triamcinolone acetonide). Unfortunately none of these treatments are a cure for AMD. The disease may progress despite treatment.