Causes and Risk Factors of Age Related Macular Degeneration
► Female gender
► Race (advanced form of AMD is more common in whites)
► Obesity/ High cholesterol intake
► Sunlight exposure
► Hypertension and cardiovascular disease
► Genetic factors
Age is the most important risk factor. The prevalence of AMD increases with age. It increases from 1.6% in the 52-64yr group to 27.9% above 74 yrs of age.