The word "Trauma" refers to a wound or an injury, whether psychic or physical. The word is also synonymous with the word accident, referring to an unexpected, unforeseen and unfortunate event. Disability or death from injury is viewed as an act of God or an unpreventable accident. It is true that no one expects to be injured; however in most of the cases, "accidents" are preventable. All that is required is a small amount of planning.
Injury (trauma) is the leading cause of death for all age groups under the age of 44. It remains one of the significant public health issues' haunting the World, yet the problem continues to go largely unrecognized. Motor vehicle crashes, fire injuries represent the two major causes of trauma and death. Drowning, falls, poisoning represent other common causes of trauma.
Drowning is the fourth most common cause of unintentional injury death for all ages, ranking first among person's ages 25 to 44 and second for ages 5 to 44. Falls are the second-leading cause of accidental deaths for persons age 45 to 75 and the number-one cause of unintentional death for persons 75 years of age and older. Alcohol and drug use are directly or indirectly responsible for 75-80% of these injuries.