Males are more prone than females
People with a hereditary history
A thin vertebral bone at birth is more susceptible, especially during periods of rapid growth
It is prevalent in some populations like the Eskimos, where the incidence is 30-50%
Persons involved in physical activities like weight lifting, gymnastics , karate, cricket and football
Constant stress on the bones of the lower back and hyperextension (over stretching) of the spine causes stress fracture of the vertebra.
Cricket fast bowlers appear to be more susceptible, with a prevalence of 55% reported by many teams.
Children, below four, are rarely affected.Spondylolisthesis