Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
This involves helping the individual verbalize the trauma and associated fears. Therapy will involve assisting the victim with techniques to cope, as well as to alter the pattern of thinking. The patient is also educated about the illness - triggered not because of weakness but due to extreme stress. The manner of treatment and the expected outcome is also known to the patient before commencement of the treatment. Educating the patients is important as it helps in dispelling preconceived ideas nurtured by the victim. Guilt and other negative feelings regarding the trauma may also get sorted out.
Relaxation Techniques are found to be helpful in alleviating the sleep problems associated with PTSD. This helps in the management of anxiety and aggression, helping sufferers regain emotional control.
Cognitive Therapy is especially helpful as it helps sufferers look at the relationship between thoughts and feelings and explore newer ways of perception. The victims are persuaded to practice acquired techniques in real life situations.
Counseling the victims as well as their family members is immensely beneficial. Parents are usually involved in the treatment of children with PTSD. Parents are educated on the manner of helping the child cope with the debilitating symptoms of PTSD. Medications may also be employed depending upon the severity of symptoms.
Drugs used in treating PTSD
Serotonergic antidepressants (SSRIs) like fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), paroxetine (Paxil), which have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, have been found to be a great boon for victims. These medicines alter the manner in which the victim processes the information available in the environment. It also helps cut panic, anxiety, fear and depression. It relieves impulsivity, aggression and suicidal thoughts that may plague many victims.