Treatment for Post Traumatic
Stress Disorder may involve a combination of medication and psychotherapy.
This involves helping the
individual verbalize the trauma and associated fears. Therapy will involve
assisting the victim with techniques to cope, as well as to alter the pattern
of thinking. The patient is also educated about the illness - triggered not
because of weakness but due to extreme stress. The manner of treatment and the
expected outcome is also known to the patient before commencement of the
treatment. Educating the patients is important as it helps in dispelling
preconceived ideas nurtured by the victim. Guilt and other negative feelings
regarding the trauma may also get sorted out.
are found to be helpful in alleviating the
sleep problems associated with PTSD. This helps in the management of anxiety
and aggression, helping sufferers regain emotional control.
is especially helpful as it helps sufferers look
at the relationship between thoughts and feelings and explore newer ways of
perception. The victims are persuaded to practice acquired techniques in real
the victims as well as their family members is immensely
beneficial. Parents are usually involved in the treatment of children with
PTSD. Parents are educated on the manner of helping the child cope with the
debilitating symptoms of PTSD. Medications may also be employed depending upon
the severity of symptoms.
Drugs used in treating PTSD
(SSRIs) like fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), paroxetine (Paxil),
which have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use
with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms, have been found to be a great
boon for victims. These medicines alter the manner in which the victim
processes the information available in the environment. It also helps cut
panic, anxiety, fear and depression. It relieves impulsivity, aggression and
suicidal thoughts that may plague many victims.