Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Some of the symptoms to watch out for are:
1. Emotional aloofness or detachment
People with PTSD have a problem connecting with family members. They are emotionally drained out as they are constantly plagued by thoughts of their trauma. As their emotional systems are working overtime, they don’t seem to have the energy or interest in their family members. They tend to keep away from places or people that remind them of their trauma. These feelings could affect their normal functioning. Children with PTSD may be unable to develop social relationships and forge bonds.
2. Hyperactive starter reflex or a state of jumpiness
Most of us may react to a sudden noise by being startled, but victims of PTSD can simply jump out of their skin. They are sensitive to danger and are always in a state of alert. They cannot relax as they are always in anticipation of danger; this may hamper their ability to work or concentrate and may even affect their sleep.
Other common symptoms of PTSD include anger and irritability, substance abuse, depression, suicidal thoughts, headaches, stomach disorders and chest pain.
Symptoms which immediately follow the experience of a traumatic event and last for two days may be called Acute Stress Disorder, which is very much like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Symptoms which begin in the weeks, months or years after the stressful event has occurred and lasts for more than a month is called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
A good example of PTSD is the veterans of World War II, who experienced Post Traumatic Stress Disorder nearly fifty years after the war was over during their retirement. War veterans were unable to adjust to life, experiencing recurrent flashbacks of the combat.