Rating : 12345
Rate This Article : 1 2 3 4 5
G J 4
A -A +

About Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis, also known as infantile paralysis or polio disease, is an infectious viral disease caused by the poliovirus. The infection leads to inflammation of nerve cells of the brain and the spinal cord, resulting in muscle paralysis.

Poliomyelitis affects people of all age groups. However, Children less than 2 years of age are at an increased risk of infection, particularly in areas with poor hygiene and sanitation. Poliovirus transmission occurs through contact with the feces of an infected person. In countries that have an active poliomyelitis immunization program for children, infection is predominantly among the older age group.

The majority of individuals who are infected with polio are either asymptomatic or have mild symptoms. Less than 1 percent of those who acquire the viral infection develop paralytic disease. The risk for paralysis often increases with age.

Paralytic poliomyelitis strikes without prior warning. The infected person may experience aseptic meningitis with backache and pain in the neck muscles for several days before the symptoms progress to paralysis.

Treatment of this condition aims at managing the symptoms and the majority of the affected individuals achieve a complete cure. However people who have suffered a polio attack at a very young age are likely to develop a condition called the post polio syndrome, which causes a lot of discomfort to the individual.

Prevention through vaccination holds the key to achieving a complete wipeout of the dreaded polio and several countries have achieved this feat. India too has embarked on elaborate immunization programme and was to a large extent able to control its debilitating spread. However, the disease has raised its ugly head once again in some of the backward areas of the country and control programmes are back in full swing.

Spreading awareness about the need for hygiene in backward areas followed by extensive and meticulous vaccination programmes will help to achieve a complete eradication of polio.


You May Also Like

View All

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions
Julian Assange Whistleblows Bill Gates and Rotary International Julian Assange is the Founder and Editor-in chief of Wikipedia, he knows more about curing Polio than Bill Gates. Bill Gates is on a mission to eradicate Polio in third world countries by the year 2018. He and Rotary International plans to spend $30,000,000 to vaccinate millions of children in Africa and other third world countries. According to Wikipedia, a cure for Polio has been around since 1949. Enter: Dr. Fred Klenner- Polio on your search bar and you will discover that Dr. Klenner cured sixty out of sixty patients for a cure rate of one hundred percent [100%]. If you follow the money, Big Pharma is the main benificiary of this mission. In other words, every single acute case of Polio could be cured immediately. Why wait till the year 2018 ?. Intravenous Vitamin C is simple to administer and is also inexpensive as it is not patented.
healthyheartpoet Saturday, February 23, 2013

Ask an Expert

If you have a question about health related issues, you can now post it in our Ask An Expert section on our community website and get answers from our panel of experts.

Join Our Online Health Community:

Recommended Groups Members Related Discussions
By registering with Medindia you become part of our global health community. Make new friends and share and discuss your health issues, with 199896 other members across 445 support groups.