is one of the commonest joint disorders and occurs as we age due to wear and tear
of a joint.
osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints is broken down. Healthy cartilage
absorbs the shock of movement and prevents friction between bones; when this
cartilage is lost, the bones rub together during movement. Over a period of
time, this rubbing can permanently
damage the joint
can affect any joint of the body but it usually affects the weight-bearing
joints i.e. hips and knees
Non-weight bearing joints like the shoulder, elbow, finger and ankle are less
commonly affected by osteoarthritis.
osteoarthritis is more common in the elderly, it can also be seen in young
people due to an abnormal wear and tear in joint structures following fracture,
repeated dislocation of the joint, infections, obesity or hyperthyroidism.
Osteoarthritis causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in the affected joints
Osteoarthritis cannot be
However, the pain can be managed and the joint function can be improved with
the help of painkiller medicines,
exercise, weight control, alternative therapies and surgery