Muscular dystrophy is the collective term used to represent genetic disorders characterized by progressive weakening of muscles and wasting of muscle tissue. The term dys refers to abnormal and trophy represents growth. The term muscular dystrophy refers to inadequate/defective growth of the muscle.
Several forms of muscular dystrophy exist, that differ on the basis of clinical symptoms, disease severity and the way in which the disease is transmitted form one generation to the other.
The three most important forms of muscular dystrophy include:
- Duchenne Muscular dystrophy (DMD)
- Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy,
- Myotonic Dystrophy