A fracture is a condition where the continuity of
a bone is lost.
Majority of bone fractures occur because of high force impact or stress on a bone
However, a fracture may also be the result of some underlying medical
conditions which weaken the bones, for example osteoporosis
and some cancers. The risk of fracture increases as we
age because, in old age, our bones can withstand less force.
The signs and symptoms of a fracture vary
according to the affected bone and the severity of the injury. However, pain, swelling and difficulty of movement
are the common symptoms.
Diagnosis of fracture includes a detailed
history and physical examination. X-rays
are often taken. Occasionally, CT scan
is used to find the extent of damage to the bone and adjacent
Initial treatment for fractures includes splinting the affected area, elevation and
for fractures involves pain management and immobilization with
plastic casts or metal screws. Immobilization is helpful with initial pain
control. Surgical intervention
sought if conservative treatment fails or is not possible.