There are various biological and psycho- social factors that
help to initiate substance abuse in an individual.
There are certain common factors that are associated with the cause of drug abuse. They are-
1. Biological Factors
Family history, genetic predisposition
Preexisting psychiatric or personality disorder, or a medical disorder.
Reinforcing effects of drugs.
Withdrawal effects and craving.
Biochemical factors 2. Psychological Factors
As a novelty.
Sensation seeking. (Feeling high).
Low self-esteem (Anomie).
Poor stress management.
Childhood loss or trauma.
As a relief from fatigue or boredom.
To escape reality.
No interest in conventional goals.