About Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age.
Though the cause of this condition is not clear, it is thought to occur when there is a disturbance in the growth of the normal vaginal bacterial flora resulting in replacement of normal 'good bacteria' by 'harmful bacteria'.
Normally the 'good bacteria' is called "Lactobacilli".
These in vaginosis is replaced by a variety of bacteria like
1. Gardnerella vaginalis
2. Bacteroides, Mobiluncus
3. Mycoplasma hominis
Infection can spread from the rectum lining to colic lining into vagina.
These harmful organisms produce amines (poly & trimethyl) that are responsible for the fishy smell.
This condition is called vaginosis rather than vaginitis as there is no vaginal inflammation.
1. The vaginal pH is raised (from 4.5 to levels above 6-7)
As it is not a sexually transmitted infection there is no benefit from treating the male partners.
Latest Publications and Research on VaginosisComposition of the vaginal microbiota in women of reproductive age - sensitive and specific molecular diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is possible? - Published by PubMed
The Patterns and Criteria of Vaginal Douching and the Risk of Preterm Labor Among Upper Egypt Women. - Published by PubMed
Risks associated with bacterial vaginosis in infertility patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. - Published by PubMed
Association between maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and pregnancy and neonatal outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. - Published by PubMed
Efficacy of methods used for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis. - Published by PubMed