||Shen Nung the second Chinese emperor who had
tested the effects of 300 drugs on himself and has explained the narcotic
properties of the Kemp plant.
||The soporific and aphrodisiac properties of the
mandrake were well known among the Egyptian Pharaohs.
||Dioscorides Pedanius a Greek physician in his
fourth book of Materia Medica has gives details about the various
substances that induces anesthesia. He coined the term anesthesia meaning
lack of sensation in Greek.
||Avicenna an Iranian philosopher and physician
said that the most powerful stupefacient is opium
||Heinrich von Pfolsprundt, a German military
surgeon was the first to give an account of the soporific sponge (a recipe
that suppresses sensation of pain) used in the treatment of gunshots.
||Sir Christopher Wren an English Architect with
the help of Robert Boyle was the first to infuse opium and perform intravenousanesthesia in dogs.
||Matthew Turner an English chemist and surgeon was
the first person to produce and sell ether. He recommended inhalation of
sulfuric ether as a treatment for headaches.
||Joseph Priestley an English
chemist discovered nitrous oxide.
||Cornelius Celsus described in detail about the
preparation of the anodyne pills in the 46th edition of the
||Friedrich Serturner a German apothecary coined
the term morphine and also elucidated the narcotic properties of opium.
||Jean Baptiste Dumas a French chemist unraveled
the chemical structure and coined the term chloroform.
||Marie Jean Pierre Flourens and Francois-Achille
Longet reported the effects and mode of action of ether on the central
||Sir James Young Simpson a Scottish physician
introduced chloroform as an anesthetic agent during childbirth. Chloroform
was first used on Queen Victoria, during her eighth delivery.
||Edward H. Barton at Vera
Cruz, Mexico was the first to use sulfuric ether as the anesthetic agent
for a leg amputation during wartime.
||John Snow, an English physician designed the
chloroform inhaler, which delivered the anesthetic agent at optimum
levels. He was the first to perform endotracheal anesthesia on a rabbit.
||Etienne Jules Marey a French physician discovered
the sphygmographe. This device helped to record the pulse form on the
||Joseph T Clover an English surgeon improved the
techniques of gas delivery and cautioned the physicians to monitor the
||Claude Bernard a French physiologist Discovered
the nerve muscle blocking action and the introduced the use of mixed
||Paul Bert the French physiologist along with the
American surgeon Edmund W Andrews introduced nitrous oxide in
||Frederick J. Cotton and Walter M. Boothby
invented an apparatus for the delivery of nitrous oxide, ether and oxygen.
||A.D Waller designs the chloroform balance, which
determines the concentration of the vapor, received by the patient.
||Lincoln F. Sise invented the apparatus
“introducer” for insertion of lumbar puncture needles.
||American society of Anesthetist was founded.