Langsat or Lanzones are trees from the Mahogany family, scientifically known as Lansium parasiticum. Originated in the Southeast Asian regions, langsat is a plant that bears small edible fruits. These fruits are similar to potatoes on their outer appearance and inside they have a white flesh containing inedible, bitter seeds.
The larger size variety of langsat is known as Duku. Langsat grow in clusters and are widely cultivated in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Sumatra. In India, it grows in the southern hills of Nilgiri from April to September.
These fruits have a tangy, sour and sweet combination of flavors, taste that resembles quite like grapes. Some people find its taste similar to that of pomelo. Its aril is juicy and translucent when ripe. Once ripe, the taste of langsat is really refreshing and exotic. Only the fresh langsat tastes the best because if kept for days after plucking, it may lose its taste and become bland.
Langsat Fruit - Nutritional Value
Langsat is a nutritionally rich fruit containing many vital elements like proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber in abundance. It is rich in vitamin A
, Thiamine and riboflavin which are necessary for many body functions. Each 100 gms of Langsat contain:
|Protein ||0.8 g|
|Calcium ||20 mg|
|Phosphorous ||30 mg|
|Vitamin A ||13IU|
|Ascorbic Acid ||1mg|
Health Benefits of Langsat
- Riboflavin Enhances RBC Formation: Langsat are rich in vitamins like riboflavin and thiamine. Riboflavin is important for production of red blood cells and overall body growth. Consuming langsat enhances the production of RBCs in blood and also breaks down carbohydrates to provide energy to the body.
- Vitamin A Maintains Proper Body Functioning: Vitamin A is an essential co-factor for many vital body functions. It is necessary for maintaining healthy skin, eyes, teeth and tissues. Langsat being high in vitamin A, keeps eyes, skin, skeletal tissues and mucous membranes healthy.
- Antioxidants Prevent and Protect from Cell Damages: Langsat contains many powerful antioxidants that fight the free radical damages to cells. Oxidative damage to cells may lead to formation of tumors and cancers; langsat contains limnoids which are anti-cancerous in nature and protects body from many cancer causing elements.
- Seeds are Proven Anti-Malarial: Many studies are in progress to prove the ability of its seeds as potential anti-malarial therapeutic. Also, its skin and leaves are shown to posses anti-pathogenic nature against Plasmodium falciparum, a malaria causing parasite. They contain such chemical compounds that interrupt the life cycle of pathogen and kill them.
- Its Bark and Skin Cures Diarrhea: Langsat fruit helps in curing digestive tract problems. It being rich in fiber is good for gut health. The bark of the tree when made into astringent has been proven to exhibit anti spasmodic properties and can be efficiently used to treat dysentery and diarrhea. Also, the peel of langsat fruit contains oleoresin that helps in curing diarrhea and its symptoms.
- Cures Fever: Langsat fruit is helpful in treating fever and cold. It contains vitamin C which helps in reducing flu and cold symptoms. Crushed seeds of langsat lower the body temperature.
- Treat Inflammation: The bark and seed resins of langsat helps in reducing inflammation. The bark resin can be used to treat gastrointestinal colic, swellings, ulcers and flatulence. The powder from the bark can also be applied on scorpion stings to cure its allergic reaction and inflammation.
- Burning the peel of langsat keeps mosquitoes at bay and emits aromatic fragrance.
- Eliminate Skin Problems: The rind of langsat is used to treat many skin problems like rashes, acne, itching etc. Rubbing its rind over the affected area, it reduces the redness, inflammation and itching.
The langsat fruit is mainly eaten fresh and raw and can also be made into candies while duku is good for making pickles. It can be bottled into juices and syrups or cooked along with some other fruits and vegetables.
Langsat Fruit Recipe
The Fruity MocktailIngredients:
- Fresh langsat juice 1 cup
- Fresh lychee juice 1 cup
- Fresh pomegranate juice ˝ cup
- Lemon juice 1-2 tsp
- Sugar, if desired
- Crushed ice
- In a mocktail, glass pour in the langsat juice, lychee juice and add sugar and lemon juice to it.
- Add crushed ice and shake it well.
- Now add pomegranate juice to the juice mix.
- Serve chilled.