True vertigo is a distinct often severe form of dizziness that is a movement hallucination. The feeling may be slight and barely noticeable, or it may be so severe that one finds it difficult to keep balance and do everyday tasks.
Most patients with true vertigo have a peripheral vestibular disorder usually associated with tinnitus and hearing loss. One may vomit or have ringing in the ears (tinnitus). Vertigo is the illusion about the surroundings moving. Also the eyes may uncontrollably jerk back and forth (a condition called nystagmus).
Causes and Symptoms of Vertigo
Vertigo is most commonly caused by a problem with the balance mechanisms in the inner ear. It can also be caused by problems in certain parts of the brain.
Common causes of vertigo are-
1. Benign positional paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV) – is a disorder of the inner part ear and is the commonest form of vertigo. The cause is generally unknown. An upper respiratory tract infection or a minor blow to the head may be responsible for the same though. It occurs abruptly when one moves the head up and down, or when one turns over in bed. Symptoms are distressing and last for 30 to 60 seconds Avoiding positions that bring this on may reduce its occurrence.
2. Ménière's disease- a condition that affects the inner ear
3. Migraines- episodes of severe headaches
4. Vestibular neuronitis - inflammation of the vestibular nerve which runs into the inner ear and sends messages to the brain that helps control balance.
5. High cholesterol
Certain Central nervous system disorders can also cause vertigo as a symptom. Treatment depends on the diagnosis. A complete medical evaluation is recommended for anyone suffering from vertigo. This would reveal the true cause and one or more solutions based upon treating the underlying disorder could be suggested.
Changing the Diet to Ease Vertigo Symptoms
Certain modifications in diet can help people with Ménière's disease, secondary endolymphatic hydrops and migraine associated vertigo (MAV) manage their disorder. Try out some of these diet strategies that will help regulate fluid imbalances and reduce vertigo symptoms:
• Evenly distribute food and fluid intake daily, throughout the day
• Avoid foods and beverages with high sugar or salt content
• Drink enough fluids everyday and drink extra fluids to compensate fluid loss from exercise or heat
• Avoid caffeine rich foods and beverages as caffeine’s diuretic properties can trigger excessive loss of bodily fluids
• Limit or totally avoid alcohol consumption because alcohol can have a harmful effect on the inner ear, damaging the volume and composition of its fluid
• Avoid migraine triggers such as foods that contain the amino acid tyramine-red wine, yogurt, smoked meats, chicken liver, bananas, chocolates and citrus fruits