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What is Anaphylaxis?
  • Severe, life- threatening allergic reaction
  • Occurs as a reaction to an allergen
  • Anaphylaxis releases various chemicals in body
  • Reactions occur in secs / mins of exposure
  • Occurs in 30 per 100,000 individuals per year

Causes
  • Food like nuts, milk, eggs, fish
  • Insect sting
  • Latex
  • Vaccines
  • Medications like antibiotics, anesthetics
  • Some tropical insects, plants, animals
  • Unknown causes
What happens?
  • On first exposure-allergen specific antibody, IgE, produced
  • On re-exposure, IgE triggers immune response
  • This immune response is anaphylaxis
Symptoms
  • Tingling / warm sensation
  • Itchiness / Rash
  • Swelling of areas around mouth / throat 
  • Restricted air-ways
  • Reduced oxygen level in brain
  • Signs of asthma
  • Vomiting
  • Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Fluid–filled lungs
  • Low blood pressure
  • Palpitations / feeling faint
  • Loss of consciousness

Signs of Asthma

Who is at risk? 
  • Those with history of food allergy
  • Those with family history of allergies
  • Those who have experienced prior attack
Treatment
  • If nauseated, lie down on the side
  • If feeling faint, lie down, legs raised
  • In case of breathing difficulty, sit up
  • First time patients should be hospital treated 
  • Epinephrine injections – effective treatment 
  • Continuous monitoring mandatory
  • Severity/ response / prior episodes determine treatment

  • Hospital Treated

    Prevention
    • Avoid allergens as far as possible
    • Those at risk should carry adrenalin auto-injector
    • Inform school authorities, if children at risk
    • Children should wear food allergy badges
    • Emergency protocols necessary in schools/ work place
    • Educating the public is vital


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    hiralsiddh 

    please more information get me because my son has that shock
    his age is 9 years

    ......... 

    what first aid should be given if there is an ultra violat attack

    Sujin555 

    This is very useful in getting information about medical treatments

    olusanya 

    it is a very good way of learning. more information should be given about medical treatment

    gebagn_ahun 

    This is the best information for our day to day work out esecialy for health workers,which is that happen what will sudden condition.....Tamirat from Ethiopia.

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