|Optimal / Desirable||Near optimal||Borderline high risk||High risk||Very high risk|
|Total blood cholesterol||Below 200||200 to 239||Above 239|
|LDL cholesterol||Below 100||100 to 129||130 to 159||160 to 189||Above 189|
|HDL cholesterol||Above 59||Below 40|
|Triglyceride||Below 150||150 to 199||200 to 499||Above 499|
|* All values are in milligram/decilitre (mg/dl)|
|❖||Major portion of the cholesterol is produced by the liver.|
|❖||The main functions of cholesterol are: |
|❖||Cholesterol level is affected by age, gender and heredity. Other factors include diet, weight and physical activity.|
|❖||Increased cholesterol level raises the risks of heart disease and stroke.|
|❖||Not all the cholesterol is bad. We do have good cholesterol in our body. HDL cholesterol is considered as good cholesterol as it helps in removing bad cholesterol and prevents our heart from coronary artery disease.|
|❖||World Health Organization has estimated that an increase in the level of cholesterol causes 2.6 million deaths and 29.7 million disability adjusted life years (DALY - a measure of overall disease burden showing the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death).|
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