Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) or diabetes in pregnancy is a condition that is observed during pregnancy and goes away once the baby is delivered. The diabetes is caused by the surge of the hormones produced by the placenta which inhibit the normal functioning of insulin. Normally insulin helps in pushing the blood glucose from the blood stream into the cells and keeps the normal glucose level in the blood. However, the placental hormones resist the function of insulin and this raises the blood glucose level.
All women who are pregnant should get tested for diabetes by 24th week of pregnancy. American women may use this calculator, as it is developed as per the values recommended by American Diabetes Association (which are slightly different in comparison to the standard WHO values).
The Pregnancy Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) calculator requires you to undergo an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). And once you have the test result, please enter the values into the calculator to know your risk of having Gestational Diabetes.