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- Pregnancy Diabetes Chart or Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Chart
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- Gestational Diabetes Calculator or Pregnancy Diabetes Calculator (WHO)
American Pregnancy Diabetes Calculator or Gestational Diabetes Calculator
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) or diabetes in pregnancy is a condition that is observed during pregnancy and goes away once the baby is delivered. The diabetes is caused by the surge of the hormones produced by the placenta which inhibit the normal functioning of insulin. Normally insulin helps in pushing the blood glucose from the blood stream into the cells and keeps the normal glucose level in the blood. However, the placental hormones resist the function of insulin and this raises the blood glucose level.
All women who are pregnant should get tested for diabetes by 24th week of pregnancy. American women may use this calculator, as it is developed as per the values recommended by American Diabetes Association (which are slightly different in comparison to the standard WHO values).
The Pregnancy Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) calculator requires you to undergo an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). And once you have the test result, please enter the values into the calculator to know your risk of having Gestational Diabetes.
Facts about Pregnancy Diabetes
- Remember that women diagnosed with GDM have 35% to 60% chances of developing diabetes in the next 10 to 20 years. Hence, it is highly recommended that they undergo annual screening to enable early diagnosis or to rule out the condition.
- Lose 5 to 7% of your body weight, follow a balanced, healthy diet, stay active and do physical activities to reduce the risk of developing diabetes in the later years.
- It is highly recommended that women who have had GDM get tested for diabetes, 2 months after the baby is born.
- Consult your dietician and prepare a diet chart. Include healthy food items in your diet.
- Fruits and vegetables
- Lean meat
- Dry beans and peas
- Whole grains
- Low-fat or skim milk