Stroke - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

J E 4

First Aid-Stroke


  • Stroke is also called 'Cerebrovascular Accident' 
  • It is an acute neurological injury 
  • It may be due to blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic) 
  • Leads to stoppage of blood supply to a part of brain 
  • Oxygen supply is decreased 
  • This initiates 'ischemic cascade'-causes brain cell death/damage 
  • This results in a cerebral stroke 

  • High Blood Pressure 
  • Diabetes 
  • Cigarette smoking 
  • Heart Disease 
  • Numbness/weakness of an arm/leg/face/one side of body 
  • Sudden confusion in speaking/understanding speech 
  • Impaired vision in one or both eyes 
  • Sudden headache 
  • Loss of balance/co-ordination 
  • Dizziness 
  • If you suspect stroke, call emergency medical help 
  • Reassure the patient 
  • Lay the patient down with head and shoulders slightly elevated 
  • If patient is not breathing well do a CPR 
  • Place the patient on the left side if breathing/not responsive 
  • Keep the chin slightly extended 
Steps To Avoid
  • Never give a suspected stroke victim anything to eat/drink 
  • Do not permit the victim to move 
  • Do regular checkups for BP 
  • Eat food with less salt 
  • Exercise regularly 
  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet 
  • Take the BP pills regularly 

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
s Sun Burn
Sun Burn
S Sprain