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Heat Stroke - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Heat Stroke
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 Overview

  • Heat stroke is the most severe of all heat-related illness
  • Heat stroke could be life - threatening
Causes
  • Cooling mechanism of the body fails due to
    a. Excessive humidity
    b. Extreme heat
    c. Activity in the hot sun
  •  
  • Internal body temperature rises, leading to stroke
Risk Factors
  • Dehydration
  • Infants & older people 
  • People who work long hours, outdoor
  • Obesity
  • Impairment in sweat gland function
  • Cardiovascular disorder
  • Alcohol usage
  • Medications
Symptoms
  • Body temperature, greater than 1040F
  • Head ache
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Fatigue
  • Hot dry skin
  • Skin is moist, if stroke is due to exertion
  • Rapid / shallow breathing
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Absence of sweating
  • Fluctuating blood pressure
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Lack of consciousness / coma
Treatment
  • Remove the person to a shady place
  • Cool the person by sponging with wet towel
  • Apply ice packs in armpits and groin
  • Water with electrolyte, fruit / vegetable juice should be given 
  • Victim must be rested
Prevention 
  • Avoid outdoor activity during excessive heat
  • Drink plenty of fluids when working outdoors
  • During outdoor activity, splash your body frequently with water
  • Avoid alcohol / coffee / soda / alcohol 
  • Wear light weight, light- colored, loose-fitting clothes
  • Protect yourself from the sun by wearing sun glasses and hat 
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s Human Bites
S Heat Exhaustion