Heat Stroke - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

J E 4

First Aid-Heat Stroke


  • Heat stroke is the most severe of all heat-related illness
  • Heat stroke could be life - threatening
  • Cooling mechanism of the body fails due to
    a. Excessive humidity
    b. Extreme heat
    c. Activity in the hot sun
  • Internal body temperature rises, leading to stroke
Risk Factors
  • Dehydration
  • Infants & older people 
  • People who work long hours, outdoor
  • Obesity
  • Impairment in sweat gland function
  • Cardiovascular disorder
  • Alcohol usage
  • Medications
  • Body temperature, greater than 1040F
  • Head ache
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Fatigue
  • Hot dry skin
  • Skin is moist, if stroke is due to exertion
  • Rapid / shallow breathing
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Absence of sweating
  • Fluctuating blood pressure
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Lack of consciousness / coma
  • Remove the person to a shady place
  • Cool the person by sponging with wet towel
  • Apply ice packs in armpits and groin
  • Water with electrolyte, fruit / vegetable juice should be given 
  • Victim must be rested
  • Avoid outdoor activity during excessive heat
  • Drink plenty of fluids when working outdoors
  • During outdoor activity, splash your body frequently with water
  • Avoid alcohol / coffee / soda / alcohol 
  • Wear light weight, light- colored, loose-fitting clothes
  • Protect yourself from the sun by wearing sun glasses and hat 

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
s Human Bites
S Heat Exhaustion